Categories
Waterproofing Contractors

Do I Need To Do Waterproofing

Concrete is a durable building material. Pores are characteristic of both the surface and inner layers of the building waterproofing material. Upon contact with any moisture, and even more so with water, the liquid enters through the pores into all layers of concrete. This leads to the destruction of the building material; the walls, roof, foundation and even the floor suffering. If the construction technology is violated, the pores turn into cracks. In this case, the corrosion process is speedy. Modern technologies solve this problem with the help of waterproofing.

Usually, waterproofing is carried out at the stage of construction company work. But they are carried out following standard standards without considering individual characteristics, such as shrinkage. Methods and means cannot be called innovative either. Therefore, in private construction, additional waterproofing must be done.

Why Waterproofing is Needed

Modern waterproofing not only prevents moisture from entering the building material but also effectively fights all factors that destroy concrete:

  • Armature corrosion.
  • Erosion of the surface layer.
  • Freezing.
  • Influences of the hostile environment.

When the reinforcement corrodes, moisture oxidizes the metal parts. That is, the frame itself has a bearing capacity and withstanding loads. This leads to the destruction of the internal structure of the building monolith. First of all, the roof, walls, foundation suffer. In this case, cracks appear on the surface. The problem is considered very serious.

When moisture gets on the concrete surface, it washes out the mortar and cement. Concrete stone is being washed away. On its surface, pits washouts appear. Erosion of the surface layer with moisture leads to a general weakening.

Freezing occurs at low temperatures. Moisture in the pores of concrete turns into ice, destroying the foundation. The result is enormous surface chips. From year to year, the concrete structure weakens, holes appear in the basements waterproofing in construction, through which a thorough leakage occurs. Outwardly, it is straightforward to determine to freeze. Massively large cracks appear on it. It takes a lot of time and money to eliminate this shortcoming. Therefore, waterproofing is a necessary element when concrete freezes.

Adverse environmental factors are always individual. This may be the close occurrence of groundwater in the proximity of industrial, agricultural production. In this case, waste from life and production enters the groundwater, making it chemically active. Such water increases the porosity of concrete, making its structure weak. Therefore, destructive processes are faster.

Why waterproofing is needed
Why waterproofing is needed

The service life of a building and structure, and even engineering and technical communications: gas pipes, water supply, sewerage depend on destructive factors and operational maintenance. By minimizing the impact of the first, we significantly extend the life of the house and save on the second. In fact, for a private house, waterproofing is a necessary maintenance component.

There is no dampness in a house where waterproofing works, leading to the formation of fungi and mould. Pathogenic flora is a breeding ground for bacteria and specific diseases of the respiratory system and digestive tract. Roofing and finishing suffer greatly from dampness and high humidity. Destruction can occur in 1 to 3 years.

Engineering and technical communications of housing are also subject to all of the above destructive factors. Waterproofing can extend their service life.

In general, it gives severe savings over a long time of operation of the building and communications for a house.

Classification of Waterproofing According to the Method of Application

Modern tools offer several ways:

  • Roll or bituminous. It is made from bitumen. Method of application – fusing on a concrete surface. Very comfortable flexible, but strong and rigid, synthetic frame. It effectively closes the pores and prevents water penetration into the inner and surface layers of the building material.
  • Waterproofing with mastic. A particular substance is used only on a polymer basis. Usually, it is applied to the surface with thin strokes in several layers. Each layer provides separate protection against liquid and moisture penetration. Comprehensive protection in several layers generally excludes contact with the external environment.
  • The use of specially designed waterproofing compounds. Their list is very diverse. There are polymer, cement, cement-bitumen products. The most modern options have additional useful properties. Experts select the right option. But they all have good adhesion, penetrating properties, fill the pores. In this case, concrete contact with the external environment is excluded.

Existing methods have various uses. A specialist will help you choose the right one.

For Foundation

For the foundation, the desired method uses water repellents. They are used where there is a large monolithic structure of building material. It has to do with the properties of matter. It creates a water-repellent layer on the surface and penetrates inside, sealing the pores.

Why do you need waterproofing for the foundation
Need waterproofing for the foundation

Waterproofing the foundation is necessary because the lower layers always contact saturated soils. His sole is always wet. Protection, in this case, is carried out in a complex manner using water repellents and coating compositions: cement polymer.

For Bathroom

If everything is evident with the external option, many people ask questions: Is waterproofing the interior required? In rooms with high humidity and water supply and drainage pipes, moisture protection solves the following problems:

  • Destroys dampness, mould, fungus, which preserves the interior finish, creates a healthy microflora.
  • Increases fire safety as moisture is isolated from the electrical network.
  • Damage in the event of an accident and flooding of neighbours is minimal.
  • Walls are also destroyed under the constant influence of liquid and moisture.
Why you need waterproofing for the bathroom
Need waterproofing for the bathroom

For interior rooms, sparing methods are used so that it is possible to carry out interior decoration. Create multi-layer protection using self-levelling compounds.

For Roofing

Moisture is the main factor that destroys the roof of the house. Simply unfavourable microflora with high humidity is enough. Even the floor beams are rotting. Living in such a structure is dangerous if you do not take action.

The complexity of roof waterproofing lies in the fact that, as a rule, it is performed at the stage of roofing. The quality of subsequent work depends more on the correct calculation and installation than on choosing the desired method and waterproofing materials. Different methods depend on the state of the object. If the roof is new and in good condition, you can use specially designed mixtures. When neglected and dilapidated, the right way is equivalent to repairing the building.

Why do you need roof waterproofing?
Need roof waterproofing

But in any case, modern means solve waterproofing issues for a cottage, a wooden house, private houses with an increased number of storeys, and summer cottages.

When is Waterproofing Required?

Waterproofing is required if:

  1. The house is located on the territory of a close occurrence of groundwater.
  2. The territory of homeownership is constantly flooded.
  3. For wooden houses, waterproofing contractors in NYC is required.
  4. Constantly floods basements.
  5. The roof fell into disrepair very quickly.
  6. There is significant freezing in winter.
  7. If there are cracks, chips, pits on the walls, the foundation, the roof are flowing, appropriate work is required.
What is waterproofing for?
waterproofing

When You Can Do Without Waterproofing

If climatic conditions and the absence of negative factors allow, work is unnecessary. This rarely happens in our climate. Can distinguish the following cases:

  • Carried out all the necessary work during construction with modern polymer-based materials using water repellents.
  • Groundwater in arid regions lies well below the foundation.
  • During construction, concrete was used with the addition of appropriate additives.
  • The use of piled deep foundations.

In these cases, waterproofing is not required. But must approach each case individually. It takes professional expertise to give specific advice.

Conclusion

Waterproofing is a necessary stage in the construction and finishing works of a private house, which will protect against the penetration of moisture and water into the internal structure of the supporting structures. This destructive factor affects walls, foundations, roofs, and floors. Can perform required work at any time. Modern methods and means make it possible to cope with the most complex destruction of a monolith: cement stone, concrete, regardless of the object’s state. A wide range of methods and means allows you to use waterproofing for a cottage, a house with some storeys, brick or wooden building, a summer house or an apartment. There are options for interiors.

Categories
Waterproofing Contractors

What is Basements Waterproofing in Building Construction?

The specifics of the operation of basements require special attention to humidity. If this aspect is ignored, groundwater leakage, dampness, and mold accumulation problems will inevitably arise. For the building itself, this threatens with subsidence of floors and walls, cracking of foundation slabs, and, as a result, assigning the status of emergency to the house.

This is typical of many old buildings; internal waterproofing was not provided during the construction. The sooner you pay attention to adequately protecting the interior from moisture and making complete waterproofing in the basement, the more minor consequences for the structure, and the repair price will be acceptable. It is better to order basement waterproofing work for professionals to solve this issue comprehensively.

Basement Waterproofing

Basements waterproofing contractors in NYC are the most vulnerable because their design is exposed to groundwater and precipitation from the outside, and the lack of ventilation and natural lighting exacerbates the situation inside. The cost of waterproofing basement walls consists of the cost of materials, depreciation of the equipment used, labor and time components, and the complexity of the work. To roughly calculate how much basement waterproofing will cost, you need to know the surface area that needs to be treated, as well as the primary base indicator. Another relevant service is the repair of internal and external.

 Basements Waterproofing in Building Construction

Basement waterproofing contractors, which depends on the degree of damage and the number of components. In general, modern waterproofing contractors in NYC into of residential and Non-residential premises, including basement walls, should be planned during the construction of the building, then the price will be adequate.

Types of Basement Waterproofing

When choosing a service such as basement waterproofing,

  • Youdecide on the type of work required. This can be vertical or horizontal
  • Treatment, depending on the groundwater level
  • Suppose there is no drainage system around the building where
  • The basement is located, and the walls are at the same level with underground
  • Moisture. In that case, it is necessary to carry out vertical waterproofing
  • There is also a division of three groups
  • Depending on the intensity of exposure to a humid environment

Anti-pressure

Carried out outside the building, protecting structures from floods and a Seasonal increase in the soil’s moisture level. The concrete surface is treated with liquid rubber, covered with a special membrane or rolled Seals. Due to moisture pressure, the material adheres more tightly to the Surface, providing reliable protection against leaks.

Non-pressure

Installed at facilities where the basement is not exposed to water from the ground. The walls are protected from aggressive environments by treating bituminous or polymer mastic surfaces. For a stable and lasting effect, it is necessary to plaster the surface over the insulation with a cement layer at least 0.5 cm thick. Anti-capillary – a reliable layer of waterproofing made of materials based on epoxy, acrylic, or polyurethane prevents the penetration of moisture that rises through the capillaries of the concrete mass.

Waterproofing Materials

Manufacturers offer various materials for waterproofing the basement from the inside or outside. It is crucial to choose composites from trusted manufacturers and take care of the most favorable deliver among the penetrating compositions, cement mixtures with quartz sand and water-repellent chemical components are justified. Polymer and bituminous mastics are famous for coating waterproofing, which form a waterproof resistant layer. Pasting waterproofing is rolled materials, such as classic roofing material or more modern analogs – hydrosol and glass soul.

Waterproofing Materials

Sometimes water repellents are used to waterproof the basement building restoration. The components of such formulations do not penetrate deeply. Therefore, they are used as additional measures.

Basement Waterproofing Consists of the Following Steps:

  • Preparatory work, including cleaning of concrete surfaces. These measures cannot be ignored.
  • because they allow you to open access to the capillaries, which is   necessary for the qualitative implementation of subsequent actions;
  • Opening cracks and crevices.
  • Application of a Primer layer. The composition is applied with a roller or brush on a moistened surface.
  • After drying, a Waterproofing material is applied, depending on the method chosen.

Conclusion:

After waterproofing work, the humidity inside the underground garages is reduced, and the conditions for storing vehicles are significantly improved. Works can be carried out from the inside and the outside of the foundation using penetrating or injection waterproofing technologies. Reliance Group NYC provides a professional Waterproofing Contractor in New York.

Categories
ROOFING CONTRACTORS NYC

WHAT DOES A ROOFING CONTRACTOR DO?

A roofing contractor repairs and replaces the roofs of homes and commercial buildings’ roofs and performs roof eaves filing. Many roofing contractors are self-employed, although some construction firms hire many roofing contractors to handle large projects such as installing roofs on newly built housing projects. Roofing contractors work all year round and all over the world.

 Builders often become roof contractors because of their home building knowledge, while other people migrate to areas with carpentry experience. In most places, a roofing contractor must obtain a business license before attracting clients. Most contractors have to undergo a certification process that includes time spent with an experienced roofing contractor to get a complete picture of the job.

 Homeowners usually hire roofing contractors NYC to install soffits repair damage caused by storms, water leaks, fires, and similar events. The roofing contractor begins work by inspecting the roof and determining the extent of the damage. The contractors then calculate the cost to purchase the materials needed to repair the damage and provide the homeowner with an estimate of the repair cost. Labour costs are included in the estimate, and to win a contract, roofing contractors sometimes cut their rates. Many homeowners receive quotes from multiple roof contractors before deciding which one to hire.

Hire roofing contractors

 Poor homeowners can hire a house roofing contractors NYC to install a brand new roof. Roof contractors often specialize in installing sure roofs, such as metal or tile roofs. Contractors hire subcontractors to help install roofs on large properties.

 In some areas, government agencies offer tax credits and cash benefits to property owners who install solar panels on their homes. Some roof contractors specialize in installing these panels. Many roofing contractors specializing in installing solar panels have previously worked as electricians. Local laws in many areas require contractors installing panels to be either licensed electricians or hire subcontractors licensed to do the work.

house roofing contractors NYC

Insurance construction companies may require homeowners to pay for a roof inspection before they agree to insure the residential or commercial property. Roofs are one of the most expensive parts of a building to replace, and some insurers refuse to insure buildings with roofs that are in disrepair. Roof inspections are usually carried out by contractors who accept a fixed fee for the work. The contractor will inspect the insurance company’s roof. If the inspection indicates that repairs to the roof are necessary, the insurer may require the property owner to complete the repairs before a policy is written on it.

A roofing contractors NYC knows about building a house. A roofing contractor is responsible for repairing and replacing the roofs of homes and commercial buildings. In most places, roofing contractors must obtain business licenses before performing work.

Is it possible to do roof repairs in winter on your own?

The winter season is accompanied by snowfalls and strong winds, extreme temperatures, and unexpected thaws that damage the roof of any building. These weather conditions can lead to a violation of the integrity and even, in some cases, to the roof’s collapse.

Difficulties of repairing a roof in winter

Without experience and knowledge in roofing, it is difficult to prevent accidents. And not only. When repairing or replacing a roof in the winter, you may encounter other problems. We list the main ones:

1. Low temperatures. Ice and snow create dangerous situations as rooftops become more slippery. In addition, there is a risk that employees will get frostbite or hypothermia if the necessary measures are not taken.

2. High wind speed. Strong winds can rip roofing materials off the roof. The likelihood of this increases if the roof is old or has not been repaired for a long time.

3. Difficulties in using tools and equipment. Some tools are not suitable for working at low temperatures. Mounting foam and some types of sealants are not suitable for these conditions.

4. Roofing problems. Several materials used for roof repairs, such as fibreglass and shingles, become less flexible and more brittle at low temperatures.

5. Poor adhesive properties of bitumen. When the temperature drops below +5 °C, bitumen adheres worse to the roof surface.

Features of roof repair in winter

In general, professionals can replace the roof at any time of the year. However, most experts believe that repairing or replacing a roof below +5 °C is not a good idea. Too low a temperature can affect the final result.

Ideally, the roof should be repaired at a temperature of about +10 ° C with moderate humidity. There should also be no rain or strong winds.

Features of roof repair in winter

In winter, replacing roofing material is very different from working in the summer. Temperature-sensitive bitumen can become brittle, crack and have poor adhesion if the air temperature is below +5°C. How do you get out of this situation? Professional roofing contractors perform manual compaction using specially formulated mixtures to seal the new coating properly.

Finally

The thesis designates everything important to consider:

1. In any case, professionals will do better with replacing the roof – and this does not depend on the season.

2. When repairing on your own, there is a risk of injury and work is far from being at the highest level.

3. In winter, the roofer must take extra care to be safe on the roof due to a large amount of snow and ice.

4. If possible, postpone the repair until warm days to complete it under normal conditions.

5. If you need to solve problems with the roof immediately, it is better to contact professionals. They have the necessary experience and equipment for high-quality and safe work.

Categories
Brick Pointing contractor

How To Choose A Facing Brick Pointing Service in New York

Facing brick pointing is the most demanded facade material in constructing private houses and commercial real estate. Developers are not embarrassed by the high cost of products because the end result fully justifies the investment. Regular maintenance is not required behind the front brick pointing facade. It is unnecessary, the building looks respectable, and its service life exceeds 100 years.

The difference between ordinary and facing bricks

Ordinary and facing bricks are presented on the market. It differs significantly in price. Still, the scope of products is radically different. The private is used only for backfilling the walls, as it requires a subsequent finish. It is not suitable for facade cladding for the following reasons:

  • There are defects on the surface – chips, cracks, potholes, inclusions;
  • Low frost resistance – withstand 25-50 freeze-thaw cycles;
  • Have a high water absorption coefficient;
  • Unstable geometric dimensions will not allow laying out a perfectly even row;
  • Uneven colouring.
Ordinary brick
Ordinary brick

A wall made of this material requires necessarily plastering or cladding with facade bricks.

The front brick pointing has an ideal geometric shape. The standards do not allow deviations from the average by more than 3-4 mm. Most manufacturers try to produce material whose variations do not exceed 1-2 mm. Among other differences between facing bricks and ordinary bricks:

  • Flat smooth surface;
  • High frost resistance – from 50 to 300 cycles;
  • High strength-facing bricks of grades M150-M300 are used for work. For clinker, this indicator reaches M500-M1000;
  • Low coefficient of water absorption;
  • Uniform colour throughout.
face brick
face brick

For facing bricks, the main criteria are external characteristics, frost resistance and strength. The facade should not absorb water during rain or collapse from minor mechanical impacts.

Such a criterion as heat capacity is not essential when choosing a facing brick. Suppose it is necessary to improve the thermal performance of the building. In that case, it is better to mount a layer of thermal insulation between the facade and facing material. Despite this, manufacturers produce solid and hollow facing bricks, which have all the necessary characteristics for building a beautiful and reliable facade.

Ceramic facing brick: advantages and disadvantages

Ceramic facade bricks are made from clay, blanks are moulded, acquire an ideal geometry and are fired in kilns at temperatures of 900-1000ºС. The result is a product that meets the most stringent requirements. Among the advantages of facing ceramic bricks:

Types of front brick
Types of front brick
  • Balanced price;
  • Good vapour permeability;
  • Good adhesion of the masonry mortar makes masonry easier.

Among the disadvantages of this facing brick pointing is high water absorption, which can reach 12%. This is significantly lower than that of ordinary brick, but with constant high humidity, this can cause cracks. Frozen water destroys the material, despite its high strength characteristics.

Another disadvantage is the presence of voids; laying this leads to an overrun of the solution. It is necessary to choose a stone with the smallest cross-section of round or rectangular holes.

Hyper-pressed facade brick

Produced from screenings of limestone, using Portland cement as a binder. Thanks to the high moulding pressure, the perfect shape is achieved. Roasting is carried out at low temperatures. Among the advantages:

Hyper-pressed facade brick
Hyper-pressed facade brick
  • Low price;
  • Wide range of colours;
  • Collections with a corrugated surface for decorative plaster, “torn stone”, marble.

Hyper-pressed facing brick pointing NYC looks spectacular unusual. This material has several disadvantages that must be considered:

  • The smooth surface is characterized by slight adhesion to the mortar; therefore, it is necessary to use special mixtures or give preference to a hollow facing brick;
  • During operation, microcracks appear on the surface; this leads to a decrease in frost resistance and strength. It is recommended to periodically treat the surface with water repellents. The stone with a textured surface has the most significant tendency to form microcracks;
  • Has low vapour permeability, which complicates the design of the external wall and requires the arrangement of a ventilated facade repair contractor;
  • High thermal conductivity significantly reduces the thermal performance of external walls.

The increased operating costs are offset by a low price, so hyper-pressed facing bricks are in demand in implementing original architectural projects.

Clinker brick: features and advantages

Clinker bricks appeared in Holland more than 200 years ago. It is made from plastic clay. The technological feature of the process is firing at a high temperature, which reaches 1300ºС. The result is a stone with unique properties:

Clinker brick:
Clinker brick
  • High strength – you can buy clinker bricks M500, M800, M1000;
  • Minimum water absorption;
  • Does not absorb automobile oils and fuels, liquids with colouring substances;
  • High frost resistance;
  • A wide range of formats, colours, textures.

Clinker brick pointing was created for paving streets; its characteristics were highly appreciated and began to be used in cladding the facades of prestigious mansions.

The most significant disadvantage of clinker facing bricks is the high price. Among other features:

  • Low water absorption requires special masonry mortars – inactive, with low water content. Working with them is difficult. Skills are required. The recommended daily laying rate is no more than 5 rows in height;
  • Low vapour permeability requires increased attention to the ventilation of a building lined with clinker bricks.

The disadvantages of clinker bricks are fully compensated by their spectacular appearance and long service life, which exceeds 200 years.

Facing brick pointing and design features

High competition in the market has led to the emergence of hundreds of types of facade bricks, which differ in colour, format, surface features. For facing material, appearance is one of the main selection criteria. The design of the front brick pointing should correspond to the architectural features of the building. He emphasizes the status of the property owner and speaks of his sense of taste.

The following types of facade bricks are produced:

  • An exclusive material, each stone has a front surface with a complex relief formed by hand. The work is done using technologies used many centuries ago. This type of face brick pointing is suitable for premium real estate, which is made in a castle style. The process of forming facade bricks is laborious, the cost is the highest in its category,
Face brick hand-formed
Face brick hand-formed
  • Textured – has a surface for “torn stone” or decorative plaster, is produced on automated lines, so the design of each facing brick is similar to its batch. It is used in the implementation of original projects in the castle, classical style,
Front textured brick
Front textured brick
  • Shotted – before firing, the front surfaces of the facade bricks are sprinkled with mineral chips; as a result, an original texture is formed. The overall structure is formed due to high-temperature firing, so the crumb does not crumble. The only drawback is the difficulty in care; this material is not recommended for regions characterized by dust storms. Facing brick pointing has a unique look can be used for projects in any architectural style,
Shotcrete face brick
Shotcrete face brick
  • Engobed – a ceramic solution of a contrasting colour is applied to the surface of the dried brick, after which the workpieces are fired. As a result, the stone can be given any colour. With incomplete surface treatment, unique colour transitions can be created. When ceramics are sintered with bricks, the strongest bond is formed, all the characteristics of the base material are preserved;
Face brick engobed
Face brick engobed
  • Glazed – the front side is decorated with glaze with a glossy sheen. The technology allows you to experiment with colours, and the facade brick receives additional protection from moisture and mechanical stress.
Glazed facing brick
Glazed facing brick

The classic ceramic cladding brick has a red-brown or beige colour. The addition of natural pigments allows you to change the shade. Brick factories produce yellow, brown, white and grey stone. A wide range of colours will enable you to give the facade the colour that best suits the chosen architectural style.

When choosing, it is necessary to preference facing bricks from one batch. The final shade is mainly dependent on the firing temperature and may vary from one manufacturer to another. If it is not possible to purchase the entire volume from one batch, then before laying it is recommended to mix facade bricks from different pallets to avoid spots on the wall that differ in colour.

Dimensions and shape of facing bricks

Facade bricks are produced single, one and a half and double. The single facing brick pointing is in the most significant demand. Its format allows you to make the masonry pattern more attractive with small wall sizes. The material is used when facing private houses commercial and municipal real estate up to 2-3 floors high. One and a half and double facing bricks are used to construct multi-storey buildings.

European and American standards differ from Russian standards. On the domestic market, mainly bricks of the NF format are presented. It has dimensions of 240x60x71 mm, which are close to the dimensions of a single brick.

The continuous facade of the building in the style of minimalism is used less and less. Architects at the design stage suggest decorating buildings with decorative elements – semi-columns, cornices, platbands. This gives buildings an individual look. Manufacturers of building materials produce shaped facing bricks for arranging complex facade elements. A variety of options are offered that differ from the traditional rectangular shape:

  • With a rounded poke, the radius of curvature can have a different diameter
Front brick with a rounded poke, the radius of curvature can have a different diameter
Front brick pointing with a rounded poke, the radius of curvature can have a different diameter
  • With a cut corner
Face brick with cut corner
Face brick with cut corner
  • Beveled along the length at a certain angle
Face brick beveled along the length at a certain angle
Face brick beveled along the length at a certain angle
  • Beveled with a ledge, which is necessary for fixing to the window frame
Face bricks bevelled with a ledge, which is necessary for fixing to the window frame
Face bricks bevelled with a ledge, which is necessary for fixing to the window frame
  • The poke is beveled at two angles
The front brick poke is beveled at two angles
The front brick poke is beveled at two angles
  • Wavy
Wavy face brick
Wavy face brick
  • Radial
Radial facing brick
Radial facing brick
  • With a concave corner in the form of a semicircle
Front brick with a concave semicircular corner
Front brick with a concave semicircular corner
  • With profiled corner
Face brick with profiled corner
Face brick with profiled corner

Suppose the facade project has intricate decorative details. In that case, it is necessary to choose a facing brick, in the collection of which there are all the essential shaped products.

Quantity calculation and budgeting

Before proceeding with the choice of facade bricks, it is necessary to calculate its quantity. To do this, you need to calculate the area of ​​\u200b\u200bthe external walls subtract the size of ​​\u200b\u200bwindow and door openings from the obtained value. Multiply the resulting value of the location of ​​\u200b\u200bbrickwork by the number of bricks in one square meter. This parameter does not have a constant matter since each master has seam thickness in the masonry. When working with a single brick, its quantity per square meter of masonry is 51-56 pieces. Imported face brick pointing NF standard is slightly smaller than a single domestic stone. In a square meter of masonry, there are 60-65 pieces of this brick.

Having decided on the number of bricks and the budget for facade work, you can understand what price range it is worth choosing the material. Suppose the products of domestic factories cost an average of 15 rubles per piece. In that case, the cost of European facing bricks often exceeds 75 rubles. Considering the more significant amount of material the need to use special masonry mortars, the cost of facade work may differ by 5-10 times. Price becomes an essential factor in choosing face bricks.

Material selection

Having decided on the budget and the price of the material, they proceed to the choice of facing bricks. The procedure is simple:

  • colour and texture are chosen – we are talking about the facade – the visiting card of the house, so you need to pay special attention to visual parameters. They must match the architectural style of the project, the colour of the facade must be combined with the shade of the roofing material;
  • practical parameters are analyzed – preference is given to facing bricks with a strength grade of M200 or more, frost resistance should be at least 50 cycles;
  • Design characteristics are determined – it is better to give preference to a full-bodied artificial stone, reducing the amount of cement mortar used. If this is not possible, the hollow face brick pointing should have holes with a minimum area.
Material selection
Material selection

In all respects, clinker facing bricks have advantages. This material is available in various colours and can have any surface texture. The basis of the assortment is a full-bodied artificial stone, which reduces the consumption of special masonry mortars. The service life is more than 100 years due to high strength and low water absorption. The only drawback is the price, but if it suits the buyer, it is better to preference the clinker.

After the final selection, it is recommended to purchase the entire batch of products at once. This solution has several significant advantages:

  • Transportation costs are reduced, many companies provide free shipping with large volumes;
  • A facing brick pointing of one batch is purchased; this will eliminate the need to control the color to avoid stains on the wall;
  • Transhipment of products in the warehouses of intermediaries is excluded. Large consignments are delivered to the buyer from the factory. As a result, the risk of mechanical damage during loading and unloading operations is reduced.

When buying, it is worth specifying the date of manufacture of the facade brick. Preference should be given to material that is more than 20 days old. Such an artificial stone has already gained more than 80% of its strength; its transportation will not damage mechanical.

Efflorescence of brickwork: prevention and care

A good house with a facing brick pointing facade can change its appearance when efflorescence appears. Large white spots negatively affect appearance. It is possible to reduce the likelihood of their occurrence at the stage of construction work. For this, you need:

  • Use non-additive cement in the manufacture of masonry mortar;
  • Sand and water should not contain water-soluble salts;
  • When laying, use a “hard” mortar with little mobility;
  • Do not use antifreeze additives; it is better to work in the warm season;
  • Do not allow the masonry mixture to get on the front surface;
  • Daily, after work, cover the masonry with waterproof material;
  • prevent freezing of masonry during the construction phase.

When efflorescence appears, it is not recommended to wash them off with water or wipe them off. Be sure to use unique formulations. They will remove efflorescence, reduce the rate of their further manifestation, and will not damage the facade brick.

Care of the facade of facing bricks

Facade brick pointing is a natural and durable material; it does not require complex maintenance. When using ordinary ceramic bricks, treating the surface with water repellents every two years is recommended. They prevent water penetration into the pores, which protects against the appearance of cracks. Thanks to such care, the facade will remain in perfect condition for decades.

Care of the facade of facing bricks
Care of the facade of facing bricks

Clinker facade brick does not require scheduled maintenance. If necessary, periodically remove small efflorescences resembling lichen or fungus. For care, it is better to use unique formulations.

Hyper-pressed front brick requires constant care; without treatment with a water repellent, large cracks appear in 3-5 years, leading to the destruction of artificial stone. If you do not follow the facade, then in 10-15 years, you will have to change it.

Conclusion

Clinker brick pointing is the best choice for the facade of a private house or a select store. The material has ideal performance characteristics, long service life and genuine care. In the USA, clinker production is just beginning to be mastered. The material is produced by several factories, but the appearance of this product has already reduced the average cost of facing clinker bricks. It will become more accessible in the coming years.

Ceramic bricks are much cheaper than clinker but require periodic maintenance. The variety of this facade material allows it to be used in various architectural projects. Hyper-pressed brick pointing needs regular maintenance; it is better to use this artificial stone in a dry climate. The suitable material will allow you to build a beautiful and comfortable house that will become a family nest for several generations of the family.

Categories
Fire Escape Contractors

What is Fire Escape Where Did You Find The Best Fire Escape Services?

Emergency exit fix administrations NYC Fire get away from frameworks are indispensable for each business foundation. These exceptionally fundamental wellbeing measures have accommodated the advantage of all workers inside the premises. It gives the fundamental degree of insurance and protection from fire. Fire harm in building structures is one of the most extreme instances of the death toll. Each foundation should have an extensive emergency exit plan to keep away from any harm and misfortune to properties.

Emergency exit frameworks come in various structures and limits. In any case, the reason behind each kind of framework is practically something very similar. You should employ the best broad project worker Reliance Group NYC to guarantee a protected getaway from consuming structures in the event of a crisis. Coming up next are the various kinds of emergency exits. The most straightforward emergency exit framework is a basic one that doesn’t need to progress specialized skills for establishment and activity.

This is frequently conceivable by utilizing a solitary rope joined to a fire douser or other fire leave hardware. All staff inside the fire region should hide utilizing this rope, and the left point should be apparent. Another leave point ought to follow this left point in the event of need. One more type of emergency exit framework is the fire cell. In this framework, a firefighting machine is introduced. The fire cell normally contains two segments – an indoor unit and an outside unit. These are associated with an interfacing pole.

What Should you Include in an Escape Plan?

One more type of emergency exit framework is the twofold manned emergency exit. The fire leave apparatuses are introduced inside a two-story building in this framework. The fire leave group stays in the structure, and a solitary rope is fixed on the structure’s second floor. Two workforces are permitted to go up the steps and a third stay at the ground floor window. They can go up to the second-floor window and utilize the rope to direct them out of the structure during the fire.

Perhaps the most recent creation in emergency exit frameworks is the broken chute. This chute can be brought down into the emergency exit framework. When this chute gets down to the floor, it opens. At that point, the entryway opens so two individuals can go up to recover the survivors from the structure. The entryway closes after they have gone up.

There are a lot of further developed sorts of emergency exits. In any case, you can find out about these from the web. To find out about the emergency exits on the web, you can visit your nearby library. It would likewise serve to visit the local fire-fighters or fire station where the emergency exit is introduced.

There are three strategies that you can use for emergency exit. You can utilize lifts, stepping stools, and emergency exits that swing from the roof. Assuming that you are keen on finding out about the emergency exit framework, you ought to ask your fire marshal. They will want to clarify the entirety of the intricate details to you. Ensure that you select a framework that best suits your necessities.

What are the Advantages of emergency exit Elements?

There are a few benefits to introducing an emergency exit framework. One of the fundamental ones is that it will shield your family from hazardous flames. These are caused due to warming apparatuses and hotness sources that are not generally available. This will shield them from a fire that might break out.

Assuming you have a chimney, you should mind it to some degree one time per year. This will guarantee that it is consuming accurately and keep a fire from occurring. These frameworks are imperative on the off chance that you have an apartment complex. They will give simple and fast methods for escaping the structure in case of a fire. You want to ensure that they work accurately. Additionally, ensure that an expert introduces them. Try not to introduce them yourself since there are perils included.

Outer emergency exits and rooftop walls are liable to testing when the office is placed into activity and should be occasionally tried in some measure once at regular intervals. Outer emergency exits and fences of the top of structures and constructions should be kept in great condition and to some degree once every year; it is important to lead a visual investigation of the honesty of the design with the drawing up of a demonstration in light of the consequences of the check.

If there should be an occurrence of a decline of infractions of the trustworthiness of the design, emergency exit reclamation administrations NYC their restoration (substitution) is completed, went to buy strength tests. Tests and year-end overviews ought to be completed by organizations with prepared faculty, affirmed test gear, and an estimating instrument with the aftereffects of its alignments.

What is the Fire Safety Elements?

Waiting safe means bunches of things to loads of individuals in heaps of situations. Waiting protected from fire in New York City can mean your fire flight is solid, all-around painted, and liberated from a mess. The New York City Department of Housing and Preservation and Development reviews fire getaways and can give orders to building proprietors whenever considered hazardous. We were called to West Village quite recently to fix, recuperate and paint one notable salvage to the road. It was settled between multi-stories, stonework structures.

We thought it was segregated at the top, rusted, and hazardous for people strolling through. This occupation called for great cleaning, prep, welding, preparing, and painting. The welding fix guarantees that the steps are solidly appended for safe departure if evacuation outside the structure is required. Preliminary jelly, the metal, and the paint present a perfect, safe flight of stairs. Keep in mind: The main thing at any point left on an NYC emergency exit is an impression.

Conclusion

Various kinds of emergency exits are accessible. Some are more mind-boggling than others. These are the ones you need to utilize when you are caught in a fire. It will require some investment and work to clear the region. It will likewise include opening windows and entryways for you to get away. They don’t keep a fire from occurring. They ensure that you are protected from one. There are a few sorts of emergency exits, and the one you pick ought to be as per your requirements. It should be one that you can bear also.

Categories
Facade Renovation

How to Choose the Best Facade Repair Contractor in NYC?

RELANCE redesign project workers in NYC are a gathering of experts who change old business and private structures bother-free. The experts utilize different present-day procedures, gear, and imaginative strategies to change old business and private structures in an ideal way. They utilize the best quality materials and state procedures to change the structure into another one. You can profit from their administrations to change the appearance of your structure. New York City is popular for its exceptional engineering plans and remarkable building structures. Thusly, there is an extraordinary interest in these sorts of redesign workers for hire in NYC.

Yоur building shоuld рut its best fооt fоrwаrd with fасаde restоrаtiоn frоm Рremiere Wоrks. The wаy yоur building lооks hаs а direсt effeсt оn hоw рeорle view whаt’s inside it. Fоr а lаndlоrd, this саn meаn tenаnts аre willing tо раy mоre fоr sрасe, while fоr organizations, it meаns роtentiаl сustоmers аnd сlients mаy get the роsitive first imрressiоn thаt mаkes the differenсe between wаlking by аnd соming inside.

What does Facade mean in Construction?

Рremiere Wоrks, serving the whole Wаshingtоn, Dс metrороlitаn аreа, оffers а vаriety оf exteriоr reраir serviсes fоr briсk, соnсrete, synthetiс stuссо, EIFS, аnd mоre. Рremiere Wоrks’ exрert teсhniсiаns саn quiсkly аnd beаutifully restоre yоur building’s fасаde tо its fоrmer glоry. Be that as it may, we dо mоre thаn simply give it а fасe lift. Beсаuse оur рrоfessiоnаl reраir teсhs аre sо exрerienсed аnd understаnd building mаintenаnсe аnd exteriоr reраir in greаt deрth, they саn ассurаtely аssess аnd reраir mоre in-deрth issues sо yоu саn аvоid mоre seriоus struсturаl рrоblems later on.

Facade Repair Contractor in NYC imрrоvement renоvаtiоns оn соmmerсiаl рrорerty саn аrise fоr diverse reаsоns; hоwever, the fundamental gоаl is usuаlly tо elevate the аррeаl оf the рrорerty in the mаrketрlасe. The instаllаtiоn оf а new fаçаde оr stоrefrоnt entrаnсe саn gо аlоng wаy in enhаnсing а building’s imаge, tаking the tenаnt exрerienсe frоm drаb tо sоmething muсh mоre соntemроrаry аnd welcoming.

How can I Improve the Facade of my House?

There are various types of designs that they need to redesign to give a fabulous look. A portion of the principal sorts of structures they work on is workplaces, stockrooms, chronicled structures, private houses, schools, medical clinics, and some more. You can reach them whenever to get your structure revamped.

You ought to likewise realize that these are not the standard project workers who give you a statement, and when you enlist them to chip away at it. Prior to recruiting a worker for hire, you ought to consistently take a look at their qualifications and furthermore their history. Assuming that you have worked with this sort of worker for hire previously, you can likewise really take a look at the surveys and tributes.

Regardless of whether yоu’re lооking fоr а quiсk fix fоr а smаll аesthetiс issue оr need mоre escalated fасаde renоvаtiоn, Рremiere Wоrks саn helр with fаst, agreeable, аnd reliаble serviсe. In аdditiоn tо emergenсy exteriоr reраir serviсes, we оffer regulаr sсheduled insрeсtiоns fоr а рreventаtive аррrоасh thаt inсludes mоnthly оr yeаrly reроrts, аllоwing yоu tо rest аssured thаt yоur building is tаken саre оf with minimаl effоrt. Аnd, аs well аs wоrking direсtly with us, yоu саn аlsо give yоur tenаnts оur number sо they саn саll аnd reроrt аny issues.

How is Development Facade Maintenance?

To choose a project worker, you can look for them through the business repository, radio or TV plugs, and the Internet. Be that as it may, it is vastly improved assuming you can look through them on a few specific sites. You should visit the site of every project work and get the data connected with the veneers. You can get the rundown of their administrations, their previous undertakings, and furthermore the value statement. You ought to choose a specific project work as per your prerequisites.

The costs of these redesign project workers rely on their mastery, experience, and the sort of building they are managing. Assuming that you have a conventional wooden exterior, you should pay additional cash to the worker for hire. It might be ideal assuming you were cautious while choosing a project worker on the grounds that the main qualified and talented project workers ought to be recruited for the gig.

It is additionally fundamental to comprehend the various materials which are utilized outside of the structure. You ought to choose a project worker who utilizes great materials and who utilizes them well. You ought to likewise pick a harmless to the ecosystem organization and furthermore one that observes security guidelines.

What is Rendering on a House?

You ought to likewise see the assortment of plans that these organizations use. You should go for an organization with a group of draftsmen and underlying architects gaining practical experience in exterior planning and development. You should likewise choose a group that follows great quality control rehearses. Many organizations take up projects without looking at the nature of materials and art. This can lead to huge issues later on.

facade renovation NYC

You should look at their accreditations completely prior to employing them. The paces of these organizations additionally fluctuate as indicated by the intricacy of the work. You ought to consistently choose an organization which accommodates your spending plan and furthermore one which offers sensible costs. It is additionally fundamental to work with an organization that offers fantastic client support. After an appropriate appraisal of the relative multitude of variables included, you at long last settle on remodeling the old structure.

Last Word

Fаçаde imрrоvement renоvаtiоns аre gаining in рорulаrity beсаuse it is eаsier аnd mоre eсоnоmiсаl tо uрgrаde а building thаn it is tо teаr it dоwn аnd revamp. Tyрiсаlly, grоund uр new соnstruсtiоn саn tаke аnywhere frоm 1-2+ yeаrs deрending оn hоw eаsy it is tо sоurсe the right lосаtiоn, enlist the right аrсhiteсts аnd соnstruсt the structure. With fаçаde renоvаtiоns, рrоjeсts саn tаke аs little аs 2 mоnths with minimаl disturbаnсes tо existing structure оссuраnts deрending оn the sсаle аnd sсорe оf the renоvаtiоn. This рrосess is exceptionally аррeаling tо рrорerty оwners аs а business рrороsitiоn beсаuse it рrоvides а tаrgeted speculation thаt саn convey higher rents аnd lоwer орerаting соsts with а fаst conveyance – thаt’s hаrd tо beаt!

Categories
Facade Renovation

What is Included in the Overhaul of the Facade of the House?

The issue of acceptance works on “wet” facades should be considered in detail. Assessment of the quality of work on insulation, plastering, and painting of facades does not begin after the contractor calls “Everything is ready! Take the job! “This work begins much earlier.

The content of the article

  • Facade maintenance at a glance
  • How is the overhaul of the facade going
  • Technical supervision
  • Who accepts the finished façade

Facade Maintenance at a Glance

During the operation of the building, under the influence of various weather conditions, even a high-quality and strong facade requires restoration work. Often the need for overhaul is obvious, but a commission is necessarily appointed, which determines the condition of the facade of the building and the degree of complexity of the work.

The facade is the face of the whole building! It must be protected and maintained promptly for a long and successful operation. Many building owners ignore façade problems such as salt streaks or cracks. They forget that it is their responsibility to “maintain” the façade. This means:

  • Inspect facade structures on a planned basis during daylight hours in dry and warm weather.
  • Examine the facade unscheduled after the discovery of defects or after bad weather.
  • Carry out snow removal from roofing and facade structures.
  • Flush the facade.
  • Timely repair minor façade defects. 

The presence of the listed defects indicates the need for overhaul:

  1. destruction of seams, which entails the appearance of stains and heat loss in the building;
  2. deformation of gutters and external pipes;
  3. destruction of the insulation layer;
  4. Damaged about 30% of the facade.

The facade needs to be repaired within 5 to 10 years. After this period, the building is included in the list of houses to be repaired and a passport is issued for it, which contains information about the materials used, technologies, and colors. Separately, I would like to say about the insulation of the facade – an appropriate examination is needed to prove its necessity.

Contractors are fighting for the right to install the facade on a competitive basis. The winner of this confrontation is carrying out a major overhaul of the facade using the technology, which we will talk about later.

How is the Overhaul of the Facade Going?

  1. Preparatory work

Preparation is a short introductory step to facilitate façade work. The contracting company removes all signs and posters, repairs electrical and other networks. Special attention should be paid to the repair of the roof, drainage system, loggias of balconies. Sculptures, bas-reliefs, and other architectural elements must be covered with paper or glassine.

You also need to ensure safety! This implies not only safety for others: passers-by and cars but also the safety of employees.

Flushing – cleaning the facade from natural, atmospheric, artificial, and other contaminants. This is a big topic that deserves a separate discussion. Let me draw your attention to several important points for cleaning facades before a major overhaul:

  1. Temperature for work is not lower than + 5 ° C.
  2. The facade is washed with special detergents.
  3. Each facade material and type of pollution has its technology and cleaning material.
  4. When using detergents, disposal of cleaning products must be provided.
  • Thermal insulation and installation of the facade system

As mentioned earlier, the installation of the heat-insulating layer is mounted only after the examination. If it is proved that the floors allow heat loss, then there will be a heater!

About what the facade will be: hinged or plastered should be judged by the design and estimate documentation. Consider these 2 options for the development of events.

Works that need to be carried out for high-quality installation of insulation and plastering of the facade:

  • It is necessary to test the strength of the base for the installation of the insulation.
  • Removal of unstable finishing layers.
  • Installation of the first row of insulation using telescopic fasteners.
  • Installation of subsequent layers of insulation sprawling using telescopic fasteners.
  • Insulation of abutments and openings.
  • Arrangement of expansion and expansion joints.
  • Application of the base reinforcing composition.
  • Primer.
  • Decorative plastering or painting work.
  • Sealing transitions between insulated and non-insulated areas.

Works that need to be carried out for high-quality installation of insulation and hinged facade systems:

  1. Installation of brackets and guide profiles.
  2. Staggered thermal insulation device
  3. Installation of a vapour-waterproof film.
  4. Hanging the facing material on the guides with a gap of 40-60 mm.

Technical supervision

Do you still remember the passport that I mentioned? So, he is key in quality control. It contains not only information about the color and appearance of the future facade, but also basic recommendations, dangerous nodes, and other “nuances” of the object. In addition, it is worth relying on existing building codes for control.

Who knows all these norms? Of course, technical supervision!

Technical supervision is a person or organization that specializes in construction and helps customers control the situation at the facility. He:

  • Checks the purchased materials for compliance with the passport;
  • Monitors the quality of work.

This helps him coordinate the actions of the contractor, keep the Customer informed and guarantee a high-quality work result.

Who accepts the finished facade?

After a thorough check, satisfactory reviews of technical supervision, you can proceed to the final stage of work – the delivery of the object to the customer.

The work is usually accepted by a commission consisting of:

  • Customer of works (owner, owner, Management Company).
  • Tenant (office building).
  • Community of the house (residential apartment building).
  • Technical supervision.
  • Contractor.

The results of acceptance will be reflected in the appropriate act of readiness of the facility and signed by the members of the commission.

Last Word

An overhaul is a complex process. The list of stages of work is approximate and depends on many factors, such as the degree of destruction of the facade, as well as the installation of additional structures. Therefore, it is important to understand that it is better not to deal with it on your own but to transfer the matter to qualified professionals, such as the specialists of Reliance Group NYC.

The managers of our company will assess the level of deterioration of the building in advance and develop an appropriate renovation project, which will allow you to keep abreast of the work plan and their completion dates.

Categories
Parapet wall contractors

Why dо yоu Need а Rооf Pаrарet аnd Pаrарet Cоvers?

Is it роssible tо dо withоut Reliance Group NYC а раrарet when building а hоuse? Whаt аre раrарet соvers? Whаt funсtiоns dо these rооfing elements рerfоrm? Where саn yоu buy them with а high quаlity guаrаntee? Suсh questiоns аre оften аsked by develорers whо wаnt tо ensure the reliаbility оf the rооf оr sаve mоney. Befоre is giving аnswers tо questiоns аbоut the funсtiоns оf раrарets аnd раrарet соvers, аnd esрeсiаlly sаvings in соnstruсtiоn, yоu shоuld раy аttentiоn tо the fасt thаt during the соnstruсtiоn оf buildings, the rооf is given sрeсiаl аttentiоn, nоt оnly in terms оf deсоrаtiveness, but аlsо funсtiоnаl feаtures, inсluding sаfety. Therefоre, there саn be nо tаlk оf sаving here.

Funсtiоns оf Rооf Pаrарets аnd Pаrарet Cоvers

The раrарet is а stаndаrd element оf flаt rооfs, inсluding inversiоn rооfs, but саn аlsо be instаlled оn vаriоus рitсhed struсtures. The mаin funсtiоn оf а rооf раrарet is tо ensure the sаfety оf рeорle оn the rооf. In аdditiоn, it hаs deсоrаtive funсtiоns. Аnd раrарet соvers аre рrоteсtive elements оf the раrарet itself, аllоwing tо drаin wаter frоm building struсtures аnd рrоvide meсhаniсаl рrоteсtiоn. Аs fоr the deсоrаtive funсtiоns, and the раrарet арrоn is exасtly the element thаt mаkes the finаl design ассent in the design оf the rооf.

Existing building соdes regulаte the соnditiоns under whiсh а раrарet is needed. Hоwever, mаny develорers instаll раrарets аnywаy fоr seсurity аnd hоme deсоrаtiоn.

Whаt аre Pаrарets аnd Pаrарet Cоvers?

Сurrently, раrарets аre mаde оf reinfоrсed соnсrete, briсk, metаl. If yоu lооk аt whаt раrарets аnd раrарet соvers аre being instаlled tоdаy, yоu саn understаnd thаt the shарe оf the раrарets аnd the design саn be соmрletely different. This fully аррlies tо раrарet соvers, whiсh аre mаde оf sheet metаl, саn be different in design аnd соlоr, whiсh, in turn, аllоws yоu tо imрlement аny design рrоjeсts.

The struсture оf the раrарet is а smаll wаll thаt serves аs а fenсe fоr rооfs, bаlсоnies, terrасes аnd оther struсtures. Mоst оften we meаn, sрeаking оf а раrарet, the rооf оf а building. In this саse, the раrарet is а reсtаngulаr wаll аbоve the соrniсe with а height оf 0.7 – 1 meter, whiсh enсlоses the rооf.

The раrарet is а соntinuаtiоn оf the оuter wаlls аbоve the rооf level аnd соmрletes the mаsоnry. Bаsiсаlly, раrарets аre аrrаnged оn flаt rооfs, but sоme elements саn be рresent оn оther tyрes оf rооfs. Its mаin рurроse is а fenсe, but оften the раrарets serve аs аn аrсhiteсturаl deсоrаtiоn оf the building, соmрleting the оriginаl design оf the struсture.

Bаsiс Рrоvisiоns

Deрending оn the tyрe оf rооf, the struсture оf the раrарet саn be саrried оut аlоng the entire рerimeter оf the rооf оr аlоng its ends, оn the рediment оf the building if the rооf struсture is hiррed. The thiсkness оf the раrарet wаll is the sаme size аs the оuter wаll оf the building оr slightly less.

Саreful аttentiоn shоuld be раid аnd the entire teсhnоlоgiсаl сhаin shоuld be оbserved when the rооf is аttасhed tо the раrарet. The junсtiоn dоes nоt аllоw аny mоisture leаks. Fоr this, the design оrgаnizаtiоn develорs the junсtiоn nоdes оr рrоvides а link tо а tyрiсаl аlbum.

I will tell yоu frоm my рrасtiсe hоw this is dоne in nаture. The junсtiоn оf the раrарet аnd the rооf is fоrmed with а раdding – this is а smооth trаnsitiоn frоm the rооf sсreed tо the раrарet frоm the sоlutiоn. The раdugа enters the раrарet аt а height оf 200 – 300mm.

Some More About Parapet Walls

In the struсture оf the раrарet itself, frоm the side оf the rооf, а sweeр (grооve) is mаde аlоng the entire length оf the раrарet, intо whiсh а rоlled саrрet is inserted аlоng the аrсh. Mоst оften, the next steр is tо embed а wооden blосk intо the grооve, tо whiсh а gаlvаnized steel арrоn is аttасhed. Аll this is dоne tо сreаte the tightness оf the аbutment unit.

The next steр is tо рrоteсt the struсture оf the раrарet tор frоm weаthering. Fоr this, You Should Hire Reliance Group NYC because the tор оf the раrарet wаll is соvered with mаnufасtured blаnks оf gаlvаnized irоn. There аre severаl орtiоns fоr аttасhing gаlvаnized tо the struсture оf раrарets. Оne оf them рrоvides fоr соvering with gаlvаnized steel the tор оf the раrарet with а bend оf the edges 100 mm wide оn the vertiсаl раrt оf the wаll. We fаsten the struсture tо the inserts embedded in the mаsоnry.

The best орtiоn is still tо соver the tор оf the раrарet with sрeсiаl reinfоrсed соnсrete раrарet slаbs. They аre mоunted оn grаde 100 mоrtаr аnd hаve аn оverhаng оf аррrоximаtely 100 mm in eасh direсtiоn. The design оf the slаbs is аlsо gооd in thаt it hаs slорes fоr wаter flоw in bоth direсtiоns. In bоth versiоns, we treаt аll jоints with а seаlаnt.

Conclusion 

Ассоrding tо the requirements оf SNiР 31-06-2009, if the height оf the building exсeeds 10 meters tо the uррer

elevаtiоn оf the раrарet, соrniсe, аnd with а rооf slорe оf 12% оr if the building is mоre thаn 7 meters high with а rооf slорe оf mоre thаn 12%, аn аdditiоnаl fenсe must be рerfоrmed in ассоrdаnсe with GОST 25772. We exаmined the generаl роints оf the раrарet deviсe. In mоre detаil, а design оrgаnizаtiоn аррrоасhes the design оf its struсture, whiсh uses regulаtоry dосumentаtiоn in its саlсulаtiоns.

Categories
Fire Escape Contractors

How to Make a Fire Escape: Standards and Requirements?

For buildings to comply with fire regulations and rules, it is necessary to construct stairs in them. They differ both in constructive terms and in their purpose. But all stairs must have the following qualities: be comfortable and safe for people. When constructing modern buildings, it is necessary to comply with SNiPs and GOSTs strictly.

Types of Outdoor Fire Escapes

For stationary outdoor fire escapes, the requirements approved by state standards and sanitary norms and rules (corresponding to GOSTs) must be applied.

Outdoor Fire Escapes Include

  • open or closed.
  • marching or vertical types.

Vertical stairs are two vertically directed beams with fastened steps and are designed to lift people to a height of twenty meters. Spiral staircases are a type of vertical staircase. They have wedge-shaped steps supported by a narrow edge on the vertical supporting structure of the support pillar, which is located in the center. Such ladders are not used for evacuating people but are intended for specialists who carry out maintenance or access to a fire point.

Marching stairs. They have the highest safety quality. The flights of which alternate (parallel beams fasten steps in the amount of two pieces, located at a certain angle) platforms (horizontal structures with handrails attached to it). If there is one flight within one floor, such stairs are called one-flight. If two flights are two-flight, if three flights are three-flight. In residential buildings, external fire escapes are mounted, one- or two-flight. If the structures belong to multi-story industrial buildings with observation platforms, then three-flight and four-flight staircases are mounted.

Evacuation Structures and Requirements for Them

Fire escapes cannot be installed at the discretion of the customer or builders. The basic requirements and places of their installation are indicated in the state standards. If the building has a height of more than ten meters (from the ground to the cornice), then several exits to the roof of the building must be made via fire escapes located on the outside.

fire escape

After every hundred meters, residential buildings, buildings of administrative and household and public purposes, which have attic spaces, should have access to the roof. If the building does not have an attic, one exit is sufficient for every 1000 sq. M. cover. As for warehouses and production facilities, fire escapes are made at least every two hundred meters. If the roof drops are more than one meter in buildings or a complex of buildings, it is imperative to install stairs in those places.

Basic Standard Requirements for Fire Structures

All staircases made, including those made by themselves, must comply with safety requirements and established state standards:

  • they should be free of sharp edges, as well as details that are an obstacle to the movement of people;
  • the length of the canvas should not exceed fifteen meters;
  • the canvas is made up to twenty-five centimeters wide: this is the distance between its bowstrings;
  • the step-by-step size of the steps should not be more than 35 centimeters;
  • a round step in diameter should not exceed 26 centimeters;
  • the steps must be exclusively horizontal;
  • with a load of 150 kg on a step, the deformation of its middle should not exceed 2% of the staircase width;
  • the best option is to withstand a load of 360 kg without deformation of the installation;
  • the ladder should not touch the wall; for this, it is equipped with stops of 10-20 cm;
  • front staircase structures must be made of their material having anti-corrosion qualities and covered with protective and decorative substances following GOST 9.301 and GOST 9.303;
  • the ladder must be constantly functional at temperatures from forty minutes to plus forty degrees, capable of functioning for three minutes at a temperature of plus 600 degrees, and for thirty seconds it must be able to withstand the temperature of an open tribe;
  • ТН – an indicator of the ladder’s strength, must have a shutter speed of 50 working cycles.

Basic Requirements for the Construction of Stairs

  • the fastening of the front spans is carried out near the window so that it is possible to independently leave the building both during an emergency and with outside help directly from the window sill;
  • constructive resolution of almost all stairs makes it possible to increase their length up to 12 floors;
  • Stationary-type installations are fixed with brackets under the ridge bar. According to the instructions, it is necessary to use only certified fasteners;
  • The fire escape can be moved to the required level using support brackets. 

Vertical Fire Escapes and Their Testing

To put into operation outdoor fire escapes and during their use (every five years), it is necessary to check their shapes and sizes, the quality of joints and coatings, and the strength of all its components. Building ladders are checked annually to ensure that all of their fixings are intact. The vertical fire ladder is tested for strength by applying loads for three minutes. If there is no deformation, this design is suitable for further operation.

In this case, the area under the stairs must be protected from the ingress of unauthorized persons. It must be borne in mind that every fifth step of the ladder is subject to verification. After full testing, an official document is drawn up in the form of a conclusion, which is subsequently sent to the appropriate fire department. To make the tests more independent, they involve third-party professionals with special knowledge, experience, and permission to carry out this type of work.

Protective Treatment of Stairs

On external fire-resistant vertical ladders, consistent application of anti-corrosion protection is required. So that in the process of their use, they are not subjected to various negative influences. They are treated with varnish-and-paint materials of various types, and a metal layer is also applied. The protective layer is usually applied at the factory. But there may be exceptions. When it is necessary to restore a site damaged during transportation or installation, work is carried out at the place of installation of the structure.

fire escape

One of the methods of anti-corrosion protection is to work on the surface of the stairs with a solution containing 95 percent zinc. At the same time, various types of equipment and technologies are used. Galvanized metal is:

  • cold type;
  • hot type;
  • galvanic type;
  • thermal diffusion type;
  • Gas-thermal type.

A zinc layer applied to the surface of a metal ladder will provide it with reliable corrosion protection. Anti-corrosion treatment of metal stairs uses primers, paints, enamels, varnishes with different compositions. These coatings can be epoxy, perchlorovinyl, silicone, polystyrene, polyurethane, acrylic, oil, alkyd, bitumen type. You can also apply hammer paint, which includes glass and aluminum powder. This paint will contribute to more durable and durable use of the structure and give the stairs an attractive look.

Conclusion

Designers strictly consider the size of the building and its compliance with the future design, determining the optimal material, reliable and aesthetic cladding. Considering such requirements, they will accurately calculate the height, width of the staircase, and all its elements: span, steps, railings.

These ladders are made from

  • aluminum profiles and alloys with natural color;
  • all their fasteners are made of stainless steel: bolts, screws, springs;
  • polyamide for sealing washers and bushings.

All visible parts of the stairs are covered with a high-quality powder coating, and the stair treads are covered with a polyamide anti-slip coating.

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ROOFING CONTRACTORS NYC

How Necessary is Finding the Top Roofing Contractors For your Home or Business?

You want integrity, experience, industry knowledge, installation and maintenance of technology, and immediate attention when problems arise. Roof Services is a very caring and proud company for the work we do and we will be there to fund any guarantees for years to come.

Reliance Group NYC has been in business for over 30 years. Not many roofing contractors can match the knowledge, experience, and technology we provide to our clients. We have grown from a one-room office with six roofing specialists to our current office in Staten Island NY United States more than 30 field workers are ready to deal with any installation or repair.

Your roof is the most important part of a building to maintain a high standard of living because, without a solid, leaky roof, your entire building would be in danger of being damaged by the elements. That’s why Roofing contractors NYC motto is Where Concern is Over Head. Roof Services believes in the best training and continuing training of all its employees in the new roofing systems, technologies, and safety practices used in the roofing industry. roof replacement or installation, which dominates the market by asphalt shingles. Homeowners prefer this item over all other reasons, which is often the best price. No other roofing material can beat the availability and style choice of an asphalt shingle roof.

How do I Choose a Good Roofing Contractor?

Aside from being inexpensive, asphalt shingle roofing is good and comes with a wide selection of styles and colors that allow homeowners to create the design statement they want. This type of roof also remains strong if not exposed to sudden, extreme weather, and is highly resistant to fire. These items are also easy to install, reducing the overall cost of your new roof, and asphalt shingles come with excellent manufacturer guarantees that ensure reliable protection for your home. While the Top roofing contractors NYC offer a traditional, rustic look, the asphalt shingle roof offers a unique, modern look. However, in spite of all the factors mentioned above, there are some advantages and disadvantages to consider when planning your roof installation or replacement project.

roofing contractors nyc

Most homeowners are concerned that their roofs are protective of all their valuables. However, it is also great protection, and if you use other new, roofing technology, summer heat seems to be the roof rather than absorbing, which is a great relief in terms of cost (relief bills) and comfort. While the roof works practically, the new roof looks great, even if it is just its new asphalt shingles. However, there are many options out there, including natural wood, which for some homeowners, can be beaten for the beauty of nature.

How Much Does it Cost to Put new Roof on House?

Home inspectors make a roof band when they arrive in the area because roof life is a big factor in determining the value of a home. For example, a new or new roof has been found to provide the best value for investment as it greatly improves the overall “health” of the house. If you are selling your house and the roof requires repair, it can be worse than the valuation of the property and will put your property firmly in the “fixer-upper” category and can kill the sale. Changing your roof is no small feat. While professional roofers come in and out quickly, there are costs involved. If your roof is regularly inspected and maintained, you may have 20 years or more to get out of it. However, if your region has experienced severe weather over the years, all the care in the world cannot save you from the end of the need for complete replacement.

It’s not all about resale value – if you don’t plan on selling, consider energy efficiency. Energy efficiency is one of the main reasons why homeowners choose to have a new roof installed. Did you know Reliance Group NYC can reduce temperatures above your roof by 50 degrees? This can help to improve your mood. You can also get tax credits when you make this friendly upgrade.

Another Benefit of Adding a new Roof to Your Home 

In our last section, we have covered what 4 qualities we should look for in a roofing contractor. In this article, we will look at the main services you should be looking for in a roofing company. When looking for a contractor it is important to look at what the project involves. The classification of any project includes consultation, planned project evaluation, project management, city permits and permits, installation, disposal/disposal of items.

The specialist will be able to clearly explain the stages of the project. They will be able to provide you with cost savings and offer financing options if needed. This is all about making sure that your complete roofing and installation service is completely clear to you. It is common to be curious about what you get for your money, and you want more information about costs and services. To be recognized as an expert and helpful it is important to be open and honest about what services the customer should expect to pay for. We have therefore outlined 7 services provided by roofing contractors. This is not a service, but a way of doing business, affecting every service provided by the business. So this is a bonus theme, but it should be a priority when you understand what to expect. If you can find a company that offers different services with good business practices, you will get different results.

roofing contractors nyc

Customers should expect the service provided to meet or exceed expectations. Sales partners with complete knowledge of all aspects of the re-training process who can be potential customers in the scope of work. Explain the details of customer reviews so that customers feel confident in their investment. Production staff will meet with the customer to review what work needs to be done. Planning is in use, funding is set up, resources and staff are planned, permits can be deducted, testing is scheduled, and the project is ready to start. If there is a solid first date, the contractor will come with the equipment to start the construction process. The customer can be assured that the workplace will be organized and clean throughout the installation process. It takes time to check that quality control of input rates are met and the customer is fully aware of the expectation of progress throughout the day.

When the work is finished, the final workshop is cleaned to remove any debris from the project and nails. The customer is then able to walk to the workplace with a representative to check its performance and ensure satisfaction.

Conclusion 

In Conclusion, you will work with a representative to begin qualifying for a roofing system that best suits your needs. A representative will consult with you about which products and services are best suited to your needs. This will include a one-stop visit to assess the condition of the existing roof, and the home below it. During the consultation, the client will be introduced to many aspects of the project. You should leave the consultation with a full understanding of the replacement process.